Common name vs. scientific name
ICBN -- rules (and recommendations) for naming plants
Species Plantarum (1753)
Names of taxa above level of genus:
Category "Family" taxon example: Asteraceae
Category "Order" taxon example: Asterales
Category "Subclass" taxon example: Asteridae
Generic names: from any source, including commemorative names ( e.g. Kalmia) Always treated as a Latin noun.
Specific epithets: from any source. Must be treated as Latin words, either an adjective or a noun in genitive case.
Specific epithets: if adjectives, must agree in gender with the genus name; there ARE exceptions. Example: Callicarpa americana, Pteridium aquilinum but Quercus alba
Synonyms: nomenclatural vs. taxonomic.
Types: holotype, isotype