Herbarium of Henry W. Ravenel (1814-1887)
The vascular plant collection of Henry William Ravenel is now housed at the A. C. Moore Herbarium. Ravenel, a South Carolina native, achieved great respect as a 19th Century scientist and botanist in the state. The collection of approximately 6,000 specimens was previously located at Converse College in Spartanburg, South Carolina. About half of the collection consists of Southeastern material, with the rest from elsewhere in the United States and Europe. Ravenel's colleagues included American botanists S. T. Olney of Rhode Island, S. B. Mead of Illinois, E. Tatnell of Delaware, A. W. Chapman of Florida, M. A. Curtis of North Carolina, H. P. Sartwell of New Jersey, Asa Gray of Harvard, and George Engelmann of St. Louis, several of whom are heavily represented in the collection. Additionally, there is a substantial amount of Ravenel's personally collected material, most of which is from South Carolina, especially Berkeley and Aiken Counties. The collection itself is highly varied in the quality of preservation, the consistency of labeling, and even in mounting style and materials. The entire collection is being inventoried and assessed to identify specimens which require repair, remounting, or annotation, and those which are particularly noteworthy and therefore deserving further scrutiny. A few sheets have previously been labeled as type material; the recognition and further care of any heretofore "forgotten" type specimens will be of major importance within this project.